Siege of Limerick

After defeat at the Battle of the Boyne on July 1, 1690, the main Jacobite army retreated to Limerick. Some senior commanders wanted to surrender while they could still get good terms, but they were overruled by Patrick Sarsfield, who wanted to fight on. William of Orange and his army reached Limerick on August 7, 1690, with 25,000 men, and occupied Ireton’s fort and Cromwell’s fort outside the city. However he had with him only his field artillery, as his siege cannon were still making their way from Dublin with a light escort. This siege train along with siege guns and ammunition was intercepted and destroyed by Galloping Hogan at Ballyneety in county Limerick. This meant that William had to wait another ten days while another siege train was brought up from Waterford.
By this time it was late August. Winter was approaching and William wanted to finish the war in Ireland so he could return to the Netherlands and get on with the War of the Grand Alliance against the French. For this reason, he decided on an all out assault on Limerick.
His siege guns blasted a breach in the walls of the "Irish town" section of the city, and William launched his assault on 27 August. The breach was stormed by Danish grenadiers but the Jacobites had built an earthwork inside the walls and had erected barricades in the streets. The Danish grenadiers, and the eight regiments who followed them into the breach, suffered terribly from musketry and cannon fire at point blank range. The civilian population lined the walls and threw stones and bottles at the attackers. A regiment of Jacobite dragoons attacked the Williamites in the breach and drove them back. After three and a half hours of fighting, William finally called off the assault. His men had suffered about 3,000 casualties, including many of their best Dutch, Danish, German and Huguenot troops. The Jacobites lost only 400 men in the battle. Due to the worsening weather, William called off the siege and put his troops into winter quarters, where another 2,000 of them died of disease. William himself left Ireland shortly afterwards.
Limerick was to remain a Jacobite stronghold until it surrendered after another Williamite siege the following year.