The Troubles

'The Troubles' refers to three decades (1968 - 1998) of violence between elements of Northern Ireland's nationalist community (mainly Roman Catholic) and the unionist community (mainly Protestant). The conflict began with 'Civil Rights' marches opposing unionist discrimination against the nationalist/Catholic minority. When these were suppressed by force, they were replaced by an IRA terrorist campeign to end British rule in Northern Ireland. The conflict was perpetuated by Irish republican and Ulster loyalist paramilitary groups.

The Troubles were brought substantially to an end by the 'Good Friday Agreement' which led to a devolved power-sharing government within Northern Ireland. The casualty toll attributed to 'The Troubles' is 3,530 dead and 47,541 injured.