World War 1

Over 200,000 Irishmen fought in the World War 1, of which approximately 30,000 died on active service. At the outbreak of hostilities, most Irish people, both nationalist and unionist,  supported the war. The decline in recruitment after 1916 is attributed in part to the very heavy losses at Gallipoli (1915) and the Battle of the Somme (1916), but more-so to the changed attitude in Ireland towards Britain following the 1916 executions in Dublin. A proposal to impose conscription in Ireland was met with a mass assembly for civil disobedience, and the plan was dropped.