The Easter Rising was an armed insurrection staged mostly in Dublin during Easter Week, 1916. Its objective was to end British rule in Ireland and establish an independent Irish Republic. It began on Easter Monday, 24 April 1916, and lasted for six days. Members of the Irish Volunteers, led by schoolmaster and Irish language activist Patrick Pearse, were joined by the Irish Citizen Army of James Connolly, and 200 members of Cumann na mBan.
The vastly superior numbers of the British army used heavy artillery to quickly suppress the Rising. Pearse agreed to an unconditional surrender on Saturday 29 April. Most of the leaders were executed following courts-martial. The British Army reported casualties of 116 dead, 368 wounded and nine missing. Sixteen policemen died, and 29 were wounded. Rebel and civilian casualties were 318 dead and 2,217 wounded.
While the Rising was initially opposed by the people of Ireland, the executions provoked revulsion on a wide scale which led to a sweeping success for republicans in the 1918 General Election to the British Parliament. On 21 January 1919, the elected Irish Members convened the First Dáil and declared the independence of the Irish Republic. The War of Independence began later that day.